Viewpoint: From a reparations skeptic

Population trends by race and ethnicity since 1990 in Evanston, Skokie and Wilmette. U.S. Census Bureau data.

I am a reparations skeptic.


Viewpoint


Leading justifications for Evanston to provide reparations include that blacks have been priced out of their homes and that they have been victims of housing discrimination and as a result are being forced to move out of the community.

Priced out?

But being priced out is a problem for all Evanstonians—not just blacks.

Evanston doesn’t have the commercial property tax base of neighboring communities resulting in higher property taxes for comparable homes.

Underfunded public safety pensions place a significant property tax burden on Evanston’s residents.  Increasing property taxes have suppressed property values. According to Zillow, the average Evanston home has increased in value by 0.1% per year since 2010 while inflation has averaged 2% per year.

And city property taxes continue to increase -- up more than 5% for taxes payable last year.

This impacts all Evanstonians and doesn’t single out any ward or race..  

Forced out?

As shown in the charts above, Evanston, Skokie and Wilmette have all seen a decline in their white population since 1990.  All three communities saw significant increases in the Asian and Hispanic population. Skokie and Wilmette have seen an increase in black residents while Evanston's black population has declined. Evanston celebrates diversity. Why is it problematic that the Asian and Hispanic population has grown here?

Poverty rates in Evanston (US Census) are 18.4% black, 9.03% white, 19.77% Hispanic and 24.19% Asian. In a society that preaches equity, how would awarding marijuana tax revenue to one group prove to be equitable when there are other groups with even higher poverty rates?  Shouldn’t Evanston offer a helping hand to all in need—regardless of race, creed, gender or color? Aren’t the poor of Evanston all impacted by the high cost of living in Evanston?  

Those supporting reparations also seem to ignore that blacks have held top-level leadership positions in Evanston for years. District 65 will soon have Devon Horton as superintendent and had Hardy Murphy as superintendent for 13 years. Demitrous Cook is our police chief, and Lorraine Morton was mayor for 16 years.

The City of Evanston’s employee profile is 23.51% black, 61% white, 9.95% Hispanic and 4.14% Asian. This hardly seems consistent with a claims of widespread discriminates against blacks here.

Redlining?

Redlining was outlawed in 1968 with the passage of the Fair Housing Act of 1968.  Penalties for violating the act can exceed $100,000. To discuss redlining, we must be prepared to discuss how Chinese were redlined in San Francisco, how Jews were barred from buying houses on the North Shore and how the the Irish and Italians were not viewed as desirable compared to other Europeans throughout the United States.

It appears the most recent litigation against Evanston real estate brokers for racial steering occurred in 1989.

And what about the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 that ended discrimination in lending to low and moderate income neighborhoods? What about the Equal Credit Opportunity Act of 1974 that makes it unlawful for any creditor to discriminate against any applicant, with respect to any aspect of a credit transaction, on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, or age?

Evanston’s mission statement, “The City of Evanston is committed to promoting the highest quality of life for all residents by providing fiscally sound, responsive municipal services and delivering those services equitably, professionally, and with the highest degree of integrity.”  How does reparations for one race of people fit the mission statement?

The $10 million from the marijuana tax proposed to fund reparations is a lot of money. It would fund the nearly closed Firehouse 4 for eight years. It would nearly fund the taxpayer’s Evanston police pension annual obligation. Maybe that's where the marijuana tax revenue should be directed.

Spending growing faster than revenue

Fitch ratings anticipates the city's natural rate of expenditure growth will be above its revenue growth rate. The city retains adequate spending flexibility pertaining to service delivery, head count and capital spending, but fixed carrying costs for debt service and retiree benefits are presently elevated, totaling approximately 32% of governmental expenditures in 2017.  

Knowing that debt/pensions consume 32% of governmental expenditures why would the City of Evanston allocate funds that targets a specific color of skin when Evanston has much higher obligations to the community?

Responsible governance funds pensions and maintains police and fire protection. It serves the needs of its’ community in an impartial manner. Reparations will only succeed in dividing our diverse community, trigger unnecessary litigation and continue to strain our taxpayers.  The marijuana tax (as in all tax revenue) needs to be directed to serve the needs of the city and all its residents.

Those that support reparations should donate to private organizations that support the reparations agenda.

John Foley is an Evanston resident.


Evanston Now welcomes a wide range of views on local issues. Contact [email protected] if you with to submit a letter to the editor or propose an opinion column.

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Comments

I'd like to see some

I'd like to see some statement from reparations proponents regarding what form the distributions are going to take - or at least what things they are considering.  While I understand and sympathize with the underlying principles involved here, there are probably a dozen ways to squander the funds for every one that fulfils the intended purpose.  The proponents deserve to make their case, and the rest of us deserve transparency.

Reparations are for

Reparations are for decendants whose backs this country was built on. Even though the laws outlawed redlining WE know that it was still happening here. Evanston has covert racism always had my entire life. Just dealt with it the other day. I am a skeptic for people trying to put everyone else where majority of blacks are when other miniorities and even immigrants will get a home or business loan before black americans.

I am curious about specifics.

I am curious about specifics.  How can you tell whether someone is a descendant or not?  Say I am 1/8 black, do I get 1/8th the reparations?  Or what if I happen to look more black than another person, but I am actually less black than they are?  how will this practically work?  Not for or against, just wondering about specifics.

Evanston was built on

Evanston was built on everyone's ancestors' backs. Not only blacks. This reparation is just a way to give free money without earning it.

reparations

You have done an excellent job of cherry picking data to fit your opinion and ignoring other information that does not.

Some of the important facts you “missed”:

The premise you state is inadequate.  Housing is not the only issue behind reparations for blacks.

Lack of economic opportunity for blacks has been constant since Evanston existed along with education until recently. Other ethnic groups you mentioned were immigrants and wanted to come to the US.  Blacks were brought to the US as slaves for over 200 years and then were discriminated against after they became citizens.  I think this is the most important reason why there should be reparations.

You cited numerous laws about redlining but like many laws they were/are not enforced and/or unenforceable

Actually, for someone still

Actually, for someone still wanting to understand the full objective picture, and be as objectively informed as possible, these data appear fairly relevant, and not cherry-picked.  The equity discussion is very compelling -- certainly we're not a community which believes in justice and equity as long as it benefits only one us, are we?  Along with the population trends, also very telling pointing out the diverse leadership. 

What's interesting is why a certain group of citizens, whose population bears the highest % poverty rate, continues to grow.  What's driving that? 

Let's be real -- the reparation funding initiative will pass.  Living in Evanston is a generally a choice -- clearly from the data, the make-up of Evanston continues to change each year.  The real story will be around results -- will we see measurable improvement, but at the further expense of other groups of people?

Galaxy brain question:  if

Galaxy brain question:  if the city gives a woman reparation money, but fails to fix a pothole and she hits that pothole and has to fix her car - did she really get reparations?  Or would she have been  better off if the pothole had been fixed?

Yes but

Great point about slavery.  But there are different forms reparations can take.  For example, use the extra tax revenue to fix potholes or hire more teachers.  That's one option.  Another option is compensate everyone who was unfairly arrested for marijuana in Evanston.  What exactly is the race based reparations option?  How will it be executed in practice?