Evanston aldermen Monday night unanimously adopted the report of the Mayor’s Task Force on Homelessness, which call for a variety of initiatives — but not spending more city funds on the problem.
The report advocates a “housing first” strategy — getting homeless people into stable housing, and then trying to address the social or financial issues the caused them to become homeless in the first place.
The panel, with about two dozen members, met for for 14 months to prepare its report and was chaired by Sue Calder of the Evanston Alliance on Homelessness and Karen Singer of the YWCA Evanston/North Shore.
The report urges caution before considering expanding existing shelter space, noting that the yearly cost for the 20 beds at Hilda’s Place is $225,000, not including case management services.
The report provides six primary recommendations and a list of about 21 goals.
Those include focusing more effort on qualifying homeless and at-risk people for existing government programs, including food stamps, disability income and general assistance.
It also urges adoption of programs that would encourage hiring homeless Evanston residents for jobs in Evanston and increasing vocational training opportunities.
And it urges seeking out new funding from the state and federal governments, foundations and other non-profit groups.
It also calls for expanding the scope of the city’s existing Housing Commission, which has focused on affordable housing, to also deal with issues of homelessness.
Top: Co-chair Karen Singer said “housing first” has been proven to be the most effective strategy elsewhere in the nation. Above: Co-chair Sue Calder said as many as one in ten Evanstonians are either homeless or at risk of becoming homeless.
The report says that between 500 and 700 people in Evanston spend at least part of the year living on the street.
It says another 250 to 350 people are living in shelters and transitional housing and 500 to 700 are living “doubled up” in unstable housing situations with friends and relatives.
It claims as many as 1,000 to 1,500 are at risk of homelessness because of social issues ranging from domestic violence to foreclosure and incarceration. And it says that 3,500 to 4,500 people are at risk of homelessness because they are members of very low-income households that spend more than 50 percent of their income on rent.
Paul Selden, a task force member and director of Connections for the Homeless, said the total cost for social services, police interventions and other costs for having a homeless person living on the sttreet is $50,000 a year.
When you put someone in permanent housing, Selden said, the cost for the first couple of years is similar. But someone in permanent housing is less likely to need emergency room care or require intervention by the police, over time the cost declines to a fraction of what is currently spent on that homeless population.
Housing first is what makes the difference, Selden added.
Homelessness comes in two flavors. One is chronic homelessness which is characterized by individuals who have been living on the street for at least a year and have some sort of disabling condition.In Evanston we currently are working with approximately 250 such individuals.
Most people experiencing homelessness, however, are not "chronic", but are rather first-time homeless or the temporarily homeless.
This year Connections will work with approximately 350 such individuals, and hundreds more who are in families. Over the course of three years, the chronic population will be about 300 individuals.
The non-chronic will exceed 1000. The $50,000 figure cited in the article refers to the cost of chronic homelessness.
Non-chronic homelessness is much less costly and that is why we try to get people back into housing as quickly as possible. The longer an indivdual stays on the street, the more s/he is likely to fall into the category of "chronic."
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