One pension plan that looks pretty good

Louis Kosiba.

In the midst of all the bad news about critical underfunding of most public employee pension plans in Illinois, Evanston got a visit from the head of the one major exception to that litany of woe Monday evening.

Louis Kosiba, executive director of the Illinois Municipal Retirement Fund, stopped by the City Council meeting to give the city a collection of souveniers to honor it as one of the first five municipalities to join the fund when it started operations some 75 years ago.

Kosiba with the collection of mementos he handed mayor pro tem Don Wilson.

While most state pension funds -- and the city's own police and fire pension funds -- are in the danger zone of being only 50 percent funded or less -- Evanston's account with the IMRF is 92 percent funded.

The big difference, Kosiba said in an interview, is that rather than being dependent on appropriations by the state legislature -- which has consistently under-funded the programs it oversees for teachers, and state employees, IMRF gets its money directly from the participating municipalities and their employees.

"And oh, by the way, you don't get to skip a payment," Kosiba says, noting his agency has the authority to sue local governments or garnish their tax receipts to cover payments the agency's actuary determines are necessary.

"With that type of authority there really is a culture where IMRF employers continuously contribute, and if someone falls off the tried and true trail, we go after them," he says.

Kosiba says legislation passed several years ago will eventually give fire and police pension funds the same sort of authority, but they don't have it yet.

IMRF, he said, also benefits from having a central management structure that now serves nearly 3,000 municipalities. By comparison, each town's fire and police funds are individually managed.

And each fund, he says ends up with "dueling actuaries." The municipality has one, the pension fund has another and the state's insurance department has yet another. They all come up with their own numbers depending of differing assumptions -- which makes it easier for local lawmakers to pick the one that recommends the smallest level of payments now -- kicking the pension funding problem down the road.

The small public safety funds also have much tighter state-mandated restrictions on the type of investments they can make, which cuts the investment yield they can reasonably achieve

IMRF's record hasn't been perfect. It lost 24 percent on its investments when the market cratered in 2008. It gained the 24 percent back the next year -- but that only got it back to the starting point.

Kosiba says IMRF currently estimates it will average a 7.5 percent rate of return on its investments.

'That's considerably higher than the 6.5 percent rate the Evanston's actuary forecasts for its public safety pension funds.

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Comments

IMRF Pension

It also doesn't hurt that the City Managers pension is paid from that fund! They wouldn't want to screw themselves now would they? Too bad their pensions don't come out the police and fire pensions ... those would surely be fully funded if it did!

Don't get complacent on Pensions

I realize that discussing pensions is like talking about your recent root canal or colonoscopy; nobody wants to hear it, but both procedures are critically important to your personal health. Similarly, pensions are critically important to Evanston's financial health (and Cook County and State of Illinois)

Kudos to IMRF for operating a sound defined benefit pension plan.  A defined benefit pension plan works if you have appropriate accounting(assumptions) and necessary and required funding on a consistent basis. IMRF has safeguards in place that other Illinois pensions don't have.

However, even with these safeguards, we can't get complacent. The IMRF assumed rate of return of 7.5% is likely too high over the next 10-20 + years, and when they recognize this, both the unfunded liability will increase, and the annual required contribution will increase. The annual cost to Evanston taxpayers, and for D65 and D202 employees will increase, and people should start planning on it today, so there aren't any surprises in the future.

 Today, a senior official from our country's largest public pension fund, CALPERS, acknowledged their 7.5% assumed return is "overly optimistic given the current low-interest rate, low-return environment." 

Their consultant, Wilshire Associates, projects annual returns closer to 6%.

Be aware, and be prepared. Our taxes are going higher.

New York Times article---Public Pension, Two sets of books

Using un-realistic rates of returrn [too high] makes funding seem better than should be expected---even though they are still bad.

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/18/business/dealbook/a-sour-surprise-for-public-pensions-two-sets-of-books.html?emc=edit_th_20160918&nl=todaysheadlines&nlid=23551249&_r=0

Evanston, Illinois and other public Pension problems

Aug. 9, 2017 Wall Street Journal second section has a good article about public pensions and how they got there---over promising, bad return assumptions and lack of funding. Of course not the first article but as the old saying goes you have to keep hitting the mule in the head until he listens.

My thoughts--of course I assume as in the press all the time, channeling to other pet projects and groups with the hope current or near current retires won't care about future [after they die] benefits and that taxpayer won't revolt or move out of Evanston or Illinois and thus stop---any possibility of] funding.